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Research Papers: Materials and Fabrication

Fracture Behavior Simulation of a High-Pressure Vessel Under Monotonic and Fatigue Loadings

[+] Author and Article Information
Defu Nie

Hefei General Machinery Research Institute,
Hefei 230031, China;
Department of System Safety,
Nagaoka University of Technology,
1603-1 Kamitomioka,
Nagaoka-shi 940-2188, Japan
e-mail: dove_ndf@sina.com

Yuichi Otsuka

Department of System Safety,
Nagaoka University of Technology,
1603-1 Kamitomioka,
Nagaoka-shi 940-2188, Japan

Yoshiharu Mutoh

Department of System Safety,
Nagaoka University of Technology,
1603-1 Kamitomioka,
Nagaoka-shi 940-2188, Japan

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received December 10, 2017; final manuscript received May 8, 2018; published online June 18, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Oreste S. Bursi.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 140(4), 041407 (Jun 18, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: PVT-17-1256; doi: 10.1115/1.4040275 History: Received December 10, 2017; Revised May 08, 2018

Fracture behavior of a high-pressure vessel for food processing under monotonic and fatigue loadings was investigated by conducting both experiments and finite element analysis (FEA) based on abaqus and zencrack software. Finite element analysis results showed that cracks nucleated at the filets of pin-hole and propagated faster near the inner surface than near the outer surface of the pressure vessel, progressively deflected, and eventually coalesced with other cracks initiated from the counter pin hole under monotonic loading. Such crack growth behavior coincided with the experimental result of hydraulic pressurizing test. Based on fatigue crack growth test of the pressure vessel material, 17-4PH stainless steel, a new equation to express the da/dNΔK curves including threshold region, has been proposed and embedded into the zencrack software to simulate the fatigue behavior of the pressure vessel. The simulation results showed that fatigue lives could be accurately estimated including low pressure range. The present simulation methods would be the useful design tool for pressure vessel under monotonic and cyclic loadings.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of high-pressure equipment for food processing

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Fig. 2

Microstructure of the 17-4PH stainless steel

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Fig. 3

Shapes and dimensions of CT specimens for: (a) fracture toughness test and (b) fatigue crack growth test (in mm)

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Fig. 4

Relationships between reaction force and displacement under different critical values: (a) the maximum principal stresses and (b) the energy release rates

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Fig. 5

Finite element model of the high-pressure vessel: (a) geometry and (b) mesh

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Fig. 6

FEA results of the high-pressure vessel under monotonic loading: (a) crack propagation near the inner surface, (b) crack propagation near the outer surface, and (c) thorough fracture path

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Fig. 7

Fracture features of the high-pressure vessel under monotonic loading: (a) fracture surface and (b) overall view from upper side of the vessel

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Fig. 8

(a) Fatigue crack growth curves of the 17-4PH stainless steel fitted by the Paris equation and (b) comparison of the experimental and predicted crack growth rates

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Fig. 9

(a) Fatigue crack growth curves of the 17-4PH stainless steel fitted by the Paris equation modified by ΔKth and (b) comparison of the experimental and predicted crack growth rates

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Fig. 10

(a) Fatigue crack growth curves of the 17-4PH stainless steel fitted by the proposed equation and (b) comparison of the experimental and predicted crack growth rates

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Fig. 11

FEA results of fatigue crack growth of the high-pressure vessel: (a) global model, (b) uncracked submodel, (c) cracked submodel, and (d) crack front profile

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Fig. 12

(a) Relationship between pressure range and fatigue live estimated based on the FEA simulation and (b) comparison of the predicted fatigue lives between the Paris equation and the proposed equation

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