Detection of a defect on the back of a pipe by non-contact remote measurements

[+] Author and Article Information
Takahiro Hayashi

Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto-daigaku Katsura Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8540, Japan

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041433 History: Received May 07, 2017; Revised September 01, 2018


Pipe inspection is generally executed with ultrasonic pulse echo testing where a small range of pipe wall under an ultrasonic transducer can be evaluated in one measurement. Costly and laborious point-by-point testing is required if a whole range of a pipe should be inspected. The author has investigated fast defect imaging for a plate-like structure using a scanning laser source (SLS) technique as an efficient defect inspection technique. Although the imaging technique is feasible in non-contact remote measurements, only a plate cross-section under the laser irradiation surface can be evaluated. This study describes detection of wall thinning on the back of a pipe using resonance of guided wave propagating in a pipe circumference by non-contact remote measurements with the SLS technique. The narrowband elastic waves are generated in a pipe by modulating laser pulses with fiber laser equipment. When the modulation frequency is in harmony with the resonance frequency of a circumferential guided wave, the distribution of the frequency spectrum peak obtained with the SLS technique become identical to the resonance pattern of the circumferentially guided wave mode. The distributions are distorted for a pipe with wall thinning on the back indicating that this technique has a potential for detection of defects on the back of a pipe.

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