Stress Intensity Factor Interaction for Subsurface to Surface Flaw Transformations under Stress Concentration Fields

[+] Author and Article Information
Pierre Dulieu

Tractebel (ENGIE), Bvd. de Merckem 60, 5000 Namur, Belgium

Valery Lacroix

Tractebel (ENGIE), Bvd. Simón Bolívar 34-36, 1000 Brussels, Belgium

Kunio Hasegawa

Consultant, Center of Advanced Innovation Technologies, Technical University of Ostrava, 17. Listopadu 15/2172, 708 33, Ostrava-Poruba, Czech

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041435 History: Received December 11, 2017; Revised August 30, 2018


If a single subsurface flaw is detected that is close to the component free surface, a flaw-to-surface proximity rule is used to determine whether the flaw should be treated as a subsurface flaw, or transformed to a surface flaw. The transformation from subsurface to surface flaw is adopted as flaw-to-surface proximity rules in all fitness-for-service (FFS) codes. These proximity rules are used under the condition of the component free surface without stress concentration. On the other hand, subsurface flaws have been found under the notches, such as roots of bolts, toes in welded joints or geometrical discontinuities of components. The stress intensity factors of the subsurface flaws are affected by the stress concentrations caused by the notches. The interaction of stress intensity factor increases with increasing stress concentration factor and decreasing the ligament distance between the tips of the subsurface flaws and the notches for a given notch width. Such subsurface flaws shall be transformed to surface flaws at far distance of the notch tips for conservative evaluations. This paper shows the interactions of stress intensity factors of subsurface flaws under stress concentration fields. Based on the interaction, a flaw-to-surface proximity criterion for a circular flaw is proposed under the stress concentration field induced by a notch.

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