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Research Papers: Design and Analysis

A Novel Visual Apparatus for Laboratory Simulation of Seafloor Hydrothermal Venting

[+] Author and Article Information
Shijun Wu

The State Key Lab of Fluid Power &
Mechatronic Systems,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310027, China
e-mail: bluewater@zju.edu.cn

Keren Xie

The State Key Lab of Fluid Power &
Mechatronic Systems,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310027, China
e-mail: 240564711@qq.com

Canjun Yang

The State Key Lab of Fluid Power &
Mechatronic Systems,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310027, China
e-mail: ycj@zju.edu.cn

Dejun Li

The State Key Lab of Fluid Power &
Mechatronic Systems,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310027, China
e-mail: li_dejun@zju.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received April 27, 2017; final manuscript received September 5, 2018; published online November 12, 2018. Assoc. Editor: San Iyer.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 140(6), 061201 (Nov 12, 2018) (6 pages) Paper No: PVT-17-1076; doi: 10.1115/1.4041488 History: Received April 27, 2017; Revised September 05, 2018

In this paper, a novel visual experimental apparatus for simulating seafloor hydrothermal venting is proposed. The instrument consists mainly of an acrylic pressure vessel and a hydrothermal fluid syringe pump, which provided a 360 deg view of the simulated hydrothermal venting and plumes. Theoretical calculation and finite element analysis (FEA) were conducted to demonstrate the appropriateness of material selection and structural design for the acrylic pressure vessel. The experimental apparatus was tested at elevated temperature and pressure of up to 300 °C and 12 MPa. Hydrothermal venting experiments were successfully carried out with this apparatus, and clear images of hydrothermal plumes were obtained.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 3

Schematic illustration of the hydrothermal fluid syringe pump

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Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the acrylic pressure vessel

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Fig. 1

Schematic of experimental setup for simulation of seafloor hydrothermal venting

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Fig. 4

Radial displacement of the acrylic pressure vessel wall at 10 MPa internal pressure: (a) pressure vessel without fixed collars and (b) pressure vessel with fixed collars

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Fig. 5

Hoop stress distribution of acrylic pressure vessel wall at 10 MPa internal pressure: (a) pressure vessel without fixed collars and (b) pressure vessel with fixed collars

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Fig. 6

Stress distribution of end caps and support beams at 10 MPa internal pressure

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Fig. 7

Experimental setup for laboratory simulation of seafloor hydrothermal venting

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Fig. 8

Photographs of hydrothermal plumes at a hydrothermal fluid temperature of 200 °C and 10 MPa pressure: (a) venting module with a vertical channel and (b) venting module with an oblique channel (angle of 30 deg to the horizontal)

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