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Research Papers: Design and Analysis

Analytical and Numerical Studies of a Thick Anisotropic Multilayered Fiber-Reinforced Composite Pressure Vessel

[+] Author and Article Information
Isaiah Ramos

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Department,
New Mexico State University,
Las Cruces, NM 88003,
e-mail: ijramos@hotmail.com

Young Ho Park

Mem. ASME
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Department,
New Mexico State University,
Las Cruces, NM 88003,
e-mail: ypark@nmsu.edu

Jordan Ulibarri-Sanchez

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Department,
New Mexico State University,
Las Cruces, NM 88003,
e-mail: jrusanch@nmsu.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received October 2, 2018; final manuscript received October 26, 2018; published online December 7, 2018. Editor: Young W. Kwon.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 141(1), 011203 (Dec 07, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: PVT-18-1219; doi: 10.1115/1.4041887 History: Received October 02, 2018; Revised October 26, 2018

In this paper, we developed an exact analytical 3D elasticity solution to investigate mechanical behavior of a thick multilayered anisotropic fiber-reinforced pressure vessel subjected to multiple mechanical loadings. This closed-form solution was implemented in a computer program, and analytical results were compared to finite element analysis (FEA) calculations. In order to predict through-thickness stresses accurately, three-dimensional finite element meshes were used in the FEA since shell meshes can only be used to predict in-plane strength. Three-dimensional FEA results are in excellent agreement with the analytical results. Finally, using the proposed analytical approach, we evaluated structural damage and failure conditions of the composite pressure vessel using the Tsai–Wu failure criteria and predicted a maximum burst pressure.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Local and material coordinates

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Fig. 2

Multilayered cylinder and layer notation

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Fig. 3

Dimension of composite pressure vessel

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Fig. 5

von Mises stress distribution of composite pipe under internal pressure loading

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Fig. 6

Comparison of von Mises stress (top) and axial stress (bottom) by the present method and FEA

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Fig. 7

Stress distribution of σrr (top-left), σθθ (top-right), σzz (bottom) through thickness calculated by the present method

Tables

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