Research Papers: Design and Analysis

Dynamic Burst Pressure of Cylindrical Explosion Containment Vessels

[+] Author and Article Information
Zhanfeng Chen

School of Mechanical Engineering,
Hangzhou Dianzi University,
Hangzhou 310018, China
e-mail: czf@hdu.edu.cn

Sunting Yan

Institute of Process Equipment,
College of Energy Engineering,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310027, China
e-mail: yansunting@zju.edu.cn

Zhijiang Jin

Institute of Process Equipment,
College of Energy Engineering,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310027, China
e-mail: jzj@zju.edu.cn

1Corresponding authors.

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received September 8, 2018; final manuscript received April 5, 2019; published online May 13, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Oreste S. Bursi.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 141(4), 041203 (May 13, 2019) (9 pages) Paper No: PVT-18-1182; doi: 10.1115/1.4043546 History: Received September 08, 2018; Revised April 05, 2019

Cylindrical explosion containment vessels (ECVs) are widely applied in transportation, nuclear engineering, public security, and scientific research fields to ensure the safety of the staff and equipment. In this paper, a cylindrical ECV model under a nonuniformly explosive load was established. The nonuniformly explosive load is simplified as parabolic pressure acting on the internal wall of the ECV. And then, based on the stress function method and boundary conditions, an analytical solution of the ECV subjected to the parabolic load was obtained. Next, the dynamic burst pressure equation of the ECV under the explosive load was obtained. In the end, the accuracy of the dynamic burst pressure equation was evaluated by comparing with the finite element method (FEM) under different pulse duration. The results demonstrated that the equation can accurately predict the dynamic burst pressure of the ECV. In addition, our researches can provide a benchmark for approximate or numerical solutions. It is rewarding to analyze the failure problem and evaluate the safety and integrity of the pipe and vessels under a nonuniformly explosive load.

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Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Mechanical model of the ECV under a parabolic load

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

ECV model and boundaries

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Shape and dimension of the cylinder pipes



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