It has been shown that nanotubes and nanocones are most effective to make indents with large aspect ratios. Detailed studies in the heat transfer processes under the nano-scale indentation, and the accompanying stress distributions are required much attention. In this study, the copper substrate was indented with a nanotube or nano-cone. It is found that nano-cones may make indents with larger aspect ratios than the nanotubes due to the local shell buckling. Time-domain heat transfer and stress analysis was carried out by using a control-volume technique with an atomic spatial resolution, except near the boundaries. The effect of temperatures and stresses on the changes of the microstructures of the substrate will be discussed.

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