Constitutive Equations for Tensile and Creep Behavior of a 9 Cr-1 MO Steel

[+] Author and Article Information
F. V. Ellis, J. E. Bynum

Metallurgical and Materials Lab., Combustion Engineering, Inc., Chattanooga, Tenn.

B. W. Roberts

Materials Evaluation, Metallurgical and Materials Lab., Combustion Engineering, Inc., Chattanooga, Tenn.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 97(4), 258-263 (Nov 01, 1975) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3454305 History: Received March 31, 1975; Online October 25, 2010


This paper describes an investigation of the tensile and creep properties of annealed 9 Cr-1 Mo steel. Tensile tests were conducted at temperatures from 70 to 1050 F while creep tests were conducted at 750, 850, 950, and 1050 F with stresses from 4 to 52 ksi. From the tensile test data, a constitutive equation was developed for the stress-plastic strain relationship. This equation was based on a two-stage hardening mechanism and combined power law and exponential functions. From the creep test data, isochronous stress-strain curves were constructed out to 104 hr. These curves were extrapolated to 105 hr and to lower stresses using a parametric analysis procedure. Additionally, a creep constitutive equation capable of describing the total creep curve, including the tertiary region, was developed. This equation, having three stress and temperature dependent parameters predicted creep curves which were in good agreement with the actual curves. Both the time-independent (tensile) and time-dependent (creep) constitutive equations are suitable for use in finite element stress analysis computer programs.

Copyright © 1975 by ASME
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