A Sensitivity Study on Numerical Analysis of Dynamic Girth Crack Propagation

[+] Author and Article Information
A. S. Kobayashi, A. F. Emery, W. J. Love, A. Jain

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash. 98195

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 103(2), 169-174 (May 01, 1981) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3263383 History: Received March 17, 1980; Revised February 02, 1981; Online November 05, 2009


Dynamic motion of pre-existing girth crack in an axially stressed, 18-in-dia 316 stainless steel pipe in the presence of large-scale yielding was analyzed by a finite difference shell code. A critical crack tip opening angle (CTOA) was used as a dynamic fracture criterion and the sensitivities of dynamic crack propagation to differences in CTOA, finite differences mesh sizes, initial crack sizes and initial crack bluntnesses, were analyzed numerically. Hold-off times for the onset of dynamic crack propagation nearly doubled and tripled, while terminal crack velocities decreased about 22 percent and 47percent when the CTOA was increased from 0.10 to 0.19 and to 0.30, respectively. Doubling of the axial length of the initial crack length and an overdriving condition simulated by a larger CTOA did not change the terminal crack velocity.

Copyright © 1981 by ASME
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