A Layered Notch Filter for High-Frequency Dynamic Isolation

[+] Author and Article Information
J. L. Sackman, J. M. Kelly

Department of Civil Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720

A. E. Javid

IBM Corporation, San Jose, CA 95193

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 111(1), 17-24 (Feb 01, 1989) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3265634 History: Received August 24, 1988; Online November 05, 2009


An efficient method of isolation from high-frequency vibrations is the use of periodically layered composites acting as a mechanical filter. This device is a periodically layered stack of alternating materials with widely different densities and stiffnesses. The working principle of the device is wave reflection, and the device becomes increasingly effective when there is a large impedance mismatch which leads to rapid attenuation of an input wave for certain frequency ranges. This filter acts only in specific frequency bands. At other frequencies, it will transmit the vibratory energy unmodified, thus acting as a mechanical notch filter. The theoretical development of the mechanical notch filter is based on the theory of waves in periodically layered media. Floquet theory is used to solve the equations for the propagation of plane waves through a laminated system of parallel plates of different materials when the direction of propagation is normal to the plates. Several experiments were conducted to prove the validity of the mechanical notch filter concept. These experiments demonstrated that the theory is correct and that the results have practical application.

Copyright © 1989 by ASME
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