Finite Element Analysis of History-Dependent Damage in Time-Dependent Fracture Mechanics

[+] Author and Article Information
P. Krishnaswamy, F. W. Brust, N. D. Ghadiali

Battelle, Columbus, OH 43201

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 115(4), 339-347 (Nov 01, 1993) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2929539 History: Received November 19, 1992; Revised May 18, 1993; Online June 17, 2008


The demands for structural systems to perform reliably under both severe and changing operating conditions continue to increase. Under these conditions time-dependent straining and history-dependent damage become extremely important. This work focuses on studying creep crack growth using finite element (FE) analysis. Two important issues, namely, (i) the use of history-dependent constitutive laws, and (ii) the use of various fracture parameters in predicting creep crack growth, have both been addressed in this work. The constitutive model used here is the one developed by Murakami and Ohno and is based on the concept of a creep hardening surface. An implicit FE algorithm for this model was first developed and verified for simple geometries and loading configurations. The numerical methodology developed here has been used to model stationary and growing cracks in CT specimens. Various fracture parameters such as the C1 , C* , T* , J were used to compare the numerical predictions with experimental results available in the literature. A comparison of the values of these parameters as a function of time has been made for both stationary and growing cracks. The merit of using each of these parameters has also been discussed.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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