An Analysis of Pipe Flange Connections Using Epoxy Adhesives/Anaerobic Sealant Instead of Gaskets

[+] Author and Article Information
T. Sawa, R. Sasaki

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yamanashi University, 4-3-11, Takeda, Kofu, Yamanashi, 400 Japan

M. Yoneno

Research Development and Engineering, Loctite (Japan) Corporation, Yokohama, Japan

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 117(4), 298-304 (Nov 01, 1995) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2842127 History: Received April 01, 1994; Revised January 23, 1995; Online February 11, 2008


This paper deals with the strength and the sealing performance of pipe flange connections combining the bonding force of adhesives with the clamping force of bolts. The epoxy adhesives or anaerobic sealants are bonded at the interface partially instead of gaskets in pipe flange connections. The stress distribution in the epoxy adhesives (anaerobic sealant), which governs the sealing performance, and the variations in axial bolt force are analyzed, using an axisymmetrical theory of elasticity, when an internal pressure is applied to a connection in which two pipe flanges are clamped together by bolts and nuts with an initial clamping force after being joined by epoxy adhesives or anaerobic sealant. In addition, a method for estimating the strength of the combination connection is demonstrated. Experiments are performed and the analytical results are consistent with the experimental results concerning the variation in axial bolt force and the strength of combination connections. It can be seen that the strength of connections increases with a decrease in the bolt pitch circle diameter. Furthermore, it is seen that the sealing performance of such combination connections in which the interface is bonded partially is improved over that of pipe flange connections with metallic gaskets.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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