Effects of Torsional Buckling on the Cleavage Failure of Low-Alloy Steel Tension Pipe Specimens

[+] Author and Article Information
V. Koundy, S. Renevey, B. Marini

CEA-CEREM, Service de Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette cedex, France

A. Combescure

ENS-CACHAN, Laboratoire de Mécanique et Technologie, 94235 Cachan cedex, France

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 120(3), 256-261 (Aug 01, 1998) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2842055 History: Received November 11, 1997; Revised February 26, 1998; Online February 11, 2008


The local approach criterion of fracture mechanics, initially developed by Beremin for brittle cleavage fracture, is applied here to A508 class 3 low-alloy ferritic steel. This criterion, based on the maximum principal stress and Weibull statistics, has previously been verified in the case of uniaxial tests. In this study, it is extended to multiaxial loading tests, that can lead to more significant levels of plastic strain, and thus permit a study of the effect of plastic strain on cleavage fracture. Uniaxial tests on axisymmetric notched tensile bars (AE2-6) were used to determine Beremin’s model parameters m and σu . The cleavage fracture behavior, described by these parameters, was then verified by multiaxial tension-torsion tests carried out on thin tubular specimens. Numerical simulations of the tension-torsion tests, by the finite element method, were also performed, taking into account the nonlinear geometrical effects and the specimen plastic buckling. The buckling critical loads were calculated and used to ascertain whether fracture was associated with the instability phenomenon. Beremin’s model is shown to correctly describe experimental data which are not affected by buckling.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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