Weld Repair of 2-1/4Cr-1Mo Service-Aged Header Welds

[+] Author and Article Information
R. Viswanathan

Electric Power Research Institute, 3412 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304-1395

D. Gandy

Materials and Fossil Application, Repair and Replacement Applications Center, Electric Power Research Institute, Charlotte, NC 28262

S. Findlan

Repair and Replacement Applications Center, Electric Power Research Institute, Charlotte, NC 28262

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 121(4), 345-352 (Nov 01, 1999) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2883713 History: Received July 23, 1998; Revised June 09, 1999; Online February 11, 2008


The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the efficacy of different weld repair techniques as applied to service-aged 2-1/4Cr-1Mo steel weldments. A header which had been in service for 244,000 h at 1050°F (565°C) was utilized for the study. Three girth welds were partially excavated and subjected to repairs using gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) with postweld heat treatment (PWHT), and without postweld heat treatment using a temperbead technique. Results show that all the weld repairs improved the creep rupture lives of the ex-service weldments and that remaining lives of several decades could be achieved in the repaired condition. The SMAW-temperbead repairs resulted in increase of rupture life, tensile strength, and impact toughness compared to the SMAW-PWHT repairs. The GTAW-PWHT repairs also produced a superior combination of mechanical properties. Remaining creep rupture lives were a function of the extrapolation procedure and specimen size. These results are described here and discussed in comparison with results previously reported for a less severely degraded condition of the steel in order to delineate the effect of prior degradation on weld repair performance.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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