Residual Stress Estimation in Crossbores With Bauschinger Effect Inclusion Using FEM and Strain Energy Density

[+] Author and Article Information
E. A. Badr

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon

J. R. Sorem, S. M. Tipton

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 121(4), 358-363 (Nov 01, 1999) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2883715 History: Received July 21, 1998; Revised June 21, 1999; Online February 11, 2008


Crossbore intersections in liquid ends of positive displacement pumps (PDPs) have regions with high stress concentration. Due to the cyclic loading that occurs in most PDPs, these stress concentration points are susceptible to fatigue cracking. In order to prolong their life, the liquid ends are often overpressurized (autofrettaged), thus inducing beneficial compressive hoop stresses in these critical regions upon removal of the autofrettage pressure. This autofrettage process drives the region of high stress concentration beyond the elastic limit and well into the elastic-plastic region. Elastic-plastic stresses and strains due to loading and unloading were analyzed in crossbore geometries, with Bauschinger effect included, using 3-D finite element analysis of the liquid end. For comparison, an analytical approach was developed, based on the strain energy density criterion first proposed by Glinka. The approach was modified to include the Bauschinger effect for precise estimation of such stresses and strains. Good correlation was observed between elastic-plastic crossbore stresses and strains predicted by the analytical approach and the finite element analysis.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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