Suppression of Acoustic Waves in Steam Generator and Heat Exchanger Tube Banks

[+] Author and Article Information
F. L. Eisinger, R. E. Sullivan

Utility Engineering Department, Foster Wheeler Power Group, Inc., Clinton, NJ 08809-4000

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 125(2), 221-227 (May 05, 2003) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1565079 History: Received June 19, 2002; Revised February 10, 2003; Online May 05, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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Baird,  R. C., 1954, “Pulsation-Induced Vibration in Utility Steam Generation Units,” Combustion, 25 (10), pp. 38–44.
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Chen,  Y. N., 1968, “Flow-Induced Vibration and Noise in Tube Bank Heat Exchangers Due to von Karman Streets,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., 90, pp. 134–146.
Eisinger,  F. L., 1980, “Prevention and Cure of Flow-Induced Vibration Problems in Tubular Heat Exchangers,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 102, pp. 138–145.
Blevins,  R. D., and Bressler,  M. M., 1987, “Acoustic Resonance in Heat Exchanger Tube Bundles—Part II: Prediction and Suppression of Resonance,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 109, pp. 282–299.
Sullivan, R. E., Francis, J. T., and Eisinger, F. L., 1998, “Prevention of Acoustic Vibrations in Steam Generator and Heat Exchanger Tube Banks,” ASME PVP-Vol. 363, Flow-Induced Vibrations and Transient Thermal-Hydraulics, Book No. HO1144, pp. 1–9.
Eisinger,  F. L., Francis,  J. T., and Sullivan,  R. E., 1996, “Prediction of Acoustic Vibration in Steam Generator and Heat Exchanger Tube Banks,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 118, pp. 221–236.
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Tube bundle in duct: orientation of axes x,y,z and modal indices i,j,k for acoustic modes
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General arrangement of acoustic vibration diagram for tube banks exposed to crossflow. Shown combined stability boundary consists of upper values of individual stability limits based on acoustic pressures, Eq. (11), and/or acoustic particle velocity, Eq. (12). Diagram developed from full scale steam generator tube banks in operation 79.
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View of flow channel containing tube bank exposed to crossflow. Shown tube bank with associated upstream and downstream cavities; also shown one acoustic baffle positioned within bank; geometry shown utilized in acoustic finite element model.
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Normalized acoustic particle velocity undisturbed and disturbed mode shapes and associated mode shape separations. Results shown for one acoustic baffle placed within tube bank for modes 1 and 2.
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Near optimum threshold magnification factors for acoustic modes 1 to 5 for one and two baffles located within the tube bank channel of Fig. 3
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General arrangement of modified acoustic vibration stability diagram showing increased stability boundaries for tube banks equipped with one or two acoustic baffles



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