Research Papers: Materials and Fabrication

Experimental Investigation Into Creep Buckling of a Stainless Steel Plate Column Under Axial Compression at Extremely High Temperatures

[+] Author and Article Information
Byeongnam Jo

Nuclear Professional School,
The University of Tokyo,
2-22 Shirakata,
Tokai-mura, Ibaraki 319-1188, Japan
e-mail: jo@vis.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Koji Okamoto

Nuclear Professional School,
The University of Tokyo,
2-22 Shirakata,
Tokai-mura, Ibaraki 319-1188, Japan
e-mail: okamoto@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received February 12, 2016; final manuscript received March 18, 2016; published online August 5, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Haofeng Chen.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 139(1), 011406 (Aug 05, 2016) (8 pages) Paper No: PVT-16-1021; doi: 10.1115/1.4033155 History: Received February 12, 2016; Revised March 18, 2016

This study aims to investigate the creep buckling behavior of a stainless steel column under axial compressive loading at extremely high temperatures. Creep buckling failure time of a slender column with a rectangular cross section was experimentally measured under three different temperature conditions, namely, 800, 900, and 1000 °C. At each temperature, axial compressive loads with magnitudes ranging between 15% and 80% of the buckling loads were applied to the top of the column, and the creep buckling failure time was measured to examine its relationship with the compressive load. The stainless steel column was found to fail within a relatively short time compared to that of creep deformation under tensile loading. An increase in the temperature of the column was found to accelerate creep buckling failure. The in-plane and out-of-plane column displacements, which respectively, corresponded to the axial and lateral displacements, were monitored during the entire experiment. The creep buckling behavior of the column was also visualized by a high-speed camera. Based on the Larson–Miller parameters (LMP) determined from the experimental results, an empirical correlation for predicting the creep buckling failure time was developed. Another empirical correlation for predicting the creep buckling failure time based on the lateral deflection rate was also derived.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


JNES, 2006, “ Development of an Evaluation System for Welding Residual Stresses,” Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization, Tokyo, Japan, JNES No. JNES/SAE06-097 (in Japanese).
Whittaker, M. T. , Evans, M. , and Wilshire, B. , 2012, “ Long-Term Creep Data Prediction for Type 316H Stainless Steel,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 552, pp. 145–150. [CrossRef]
Kandare, E. , Feih, S. , Lattimer, B. Y. , and Mouritz, A. P. , 2010, “ Larson–Miller Failure Modeling of Aluminum in Fire,” Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 41(12), pp. 3091–3099. [CrossRef]
Turner, A. P. L. , and Martin, T. J. , 1980, “ Cyclic Creep of Type 304 Stainless Steel During Unbalanced Tension-Compression Loading at Elevated Temperature,” Metall. Trans. A, 11(3), pp. 475–481. [CrossRef]
Furumura, F. , Ave, T. , and Kim, W. J. , 1986, “ Creep Buckling of Steel Columns at High Temperatures—Part II: Creep Buckling Tests and Numerical Analysis,” J. Struct. Constr. Eng., 361, pp. 142–151.
Zeng, J. L. , Tan, K. H. , and Huang, Z. F. , 2003, “ Primary Creep Buckling of Steel Columns in Fire,” J. Constr. Steel Res., 59(8), pp. 951–970. [CrossRef]
Ng, K. T. , and Gardner, L. , 2007, “ Buckling of Stainless Steel Columns and Beams in Fire,” Eng. Struct., 29(5), pp. 717–730. [CrossRef]
Frano, R. , and Forasassi, G. , 2009, “ Experimental Evidence of Imperfection Influence on the Buckling of Thin Cylindrical Shell Under Uniform External Pressure,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 239(2), pp. 193–200. [CrossRef]
Jo, B. , Sagawa, W. , and Okamoto, K. , 2014, “ Measurement of Buckling Load for Metallic Plate Columns in Severe Accident Conditions,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 274, pp. 118–128. [CrossRef]
Jo, B. , Sagawa, W. , and Okamoto, K. , 2014, “ Buckling Behaviors of Metallic Columns Under Compressive Load at Extremely High Temperatures,” ASME Paper No. PVP2014-28683.
Kline, S. J. , and McClintock, F. A. , 1953, “ Describing Uncertainties in Single Sample Experiments,” Mech. Eng., 75, pp. 3–8.
Mochizuki, M. , Enomoto, K. , Okamoto, N. , Saitoh, H. , and Hayashi, E. , 1995, “ Study on Production Mechanism of Welding Residual Stress at the Juncture of a Pipe Penetrating a Thick Plate,” Jpn. Weld. Soc., 12(4), pp. 561–567. [CrossRef]
Sakumoto, Y. , Nakazato, T. , and Matsuzaki, A. , 1996, “ High-Temperature Properties of Stainless Steel for Building Structures,” J. Struct. Eng., 122(4), pp. 399–406. [CrossRef]
Chen, J. , and Young, B. , 2006, “ Stress-Strain Curves for Stainless Steel at Elevated Temperatures,” Eng. Struct., 28(2), pp. 229–239. [CrossRef]
Gibson, A. G. , Wu, Y. S. , Evans, J. T. , and Mouritz, A. P. , 2006, “ Laminate Theory Analysis of Composites Under Load in Fire,” J. Compos. Mater., 40(7), pp. 639–658. [CrossRef]
Feih, S. , Kandare, E. , Lattimer, B. Y. , and Mouritz, A. P. , 2011, “ Structural Analysis of Compression Deformation and Failure of Aluminum in Fire,” J. Struct. Eng., 137(7), pp. 728–738. [CrossRef]
Larson, F. R. , and Miller, J. , 1952, “ A Time-Temperature Relationship for Rupture and Creep Stresses,” Trans. ASME, 74, pp. 765–775.
Manson, S. S. , and Haferd, A. M. , 1953, “ A Linear Time-Temperature Relation for Extrapolation of Creep and Stress-Rupture Data,” National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Cleveland, OH, Report No. NACA-TN-2890.
Orr, R. L. , Sherby, O. D. , and Dorn, J. E. , 1954, “ Correlation of Rupture Data for Metals at Elevated Temperatures,” Trans. ASME, 46, pp. 113–128.
Pink, E. , 1994, “ Physical Significance and Reliability of Larson–Miller and Manson–Haferd Parameters,” Mater. Sci. Technol., 10(4), pp. 340–344. [CrossRef]
Dunand, D. C. , Han, B. Q. , and Jansen, A. M. , 1999, “ Monkman–Grant Analysis of Creep Fracture in Dispersion-Strengthened and Particulate-Reinforced Aluminum,” Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 30(13), pp. 829–838. [CrossRef]
Maruyama, K. , Armaki, H. G. , and Yoshimi, K. , 2007, “ Multiregion Analysis of Creep Rupture Data of 316 Stainless Steel,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 84(3), pp. 171–176. [CrossRef]
Masuyama, F. , 2007, “ Creep Rupture Life and Design Factors for High-Strength Ferritic Steels,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 84(1–2), pp. 53–61. [CrossRef]
Monkman, F. C. , and Grant, N. J. , 1956, “ An Empirical Relationship Between Rupture Life and Minimum Creep Rate in Creep Rupture Tests,” Proc. ASTM, 56, pp. 593–620.
Sundararajan, G. , 1986, “ The Monkman–Grant Relationship,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 112, pp. 205–214. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Typical axial (in-plane) displacement curve under axial compression at 900 °C

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Images of the deformation of the test column during creep buckling testing [10]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Examples of the obtained temperature profiles of the test columns as a function of time for the three considered temperature conditions

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Configuration of the creep buckling experiments

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Geometry and dimensions of the test column

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Typical lateral (out-of-plane) deflection curve under axial compression at 900 °C

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Intensity plots of the images of the test column during buckling testing

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Lateral deflection curve against time (a) 800 °C, (b) 900 °C, and (c) 1000 °C

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Plots of compressive stress against creep buckling failure time (a) on linear axes and (b) on logarithmic axes (solid symbols: buckling stresses and lines: fitting curves)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Relationship between the compressive stress and LMP

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Plots of the stress against the minimum deflection rate

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Failure time prediction curves obtained from the LMP (symbols: measured data)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Failure time prediction curves obtained from the lateral deflection rate (symbols: measured data)



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In