Bearing failure in the heavy rotating machines results in shut down of many other machines and affects the overall cost and quality of the product. Condition monitoring of bearing systems acts as a preventive and corrective measure as it avoids breakdown and saves maintenance time and cost. This research paper proposes advanced strategies for early detection and analysis of taper rolling bearings. In view of this, mathematical model-based fault diagnosis and support vector machining (SVM) are proposed in this work. A mathematical model using dimension analysis by the matrix method (Dimension Analysis Method (DAMM)) and SVM is developed that can be used to predict the vibration characteristic of the rotor-bearing system. Types of defects are created using electrical discharge machining (EDM) and analyzed, and correlation is established between dependent and independent parameters. Experiments were performed to evaluate the rotor dynamic characteristic of healthy and unhealthy bearings. Experimental results are used to validate the model obtained by the DAMM and SVM. Experimental results showed that the vibration characteristic could be evaluated by using a theoretical model and SVM. Efforts have been made to extend the service life of the machines and the assembly lines and to improve their efficiency, so as to reduce bearing failure; what provides novelty to these efforts is the use of four machine learning techniques. Thus, an automatic online diagnosis of bearing faults has been made possible with the developed model based on DAMM and SVM.